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首页 常见问题 Java培训机构:java中读取文件进度条怎样实现

Java培训机构:java中读取文件进度条怎样实现

更新时间:2024-04-21 15:03:43 来源:动力节点 浏览114次

在 Java 中实现读取文件的进度条,一般需要结合多线程和 Swing 组件来完成。具体实现步骤如下:

 

在主界面中创建一个进度条组件,并设置其最小值、最大值和初始值。

创建一个 SwingWorker 类,用于在后台线程中读取文件,并更新进度条。

在 SwingWorker 的 doInBackground() 方法中,使用 FileInputStream 读取文件,每读取一定数量的数据就更新进度条的值,并在进度条上显示读取进度。

在 SwingWorker 的 done() 方法中,更新进度条的值为 100%,并在主界面中添加一个“读取完成”的提示。

在主界面中创建一个按钮,点击按钮时启动 SwingWorker。

下面是一个示例:

 

import java.awt.BorderLayout;

import java.awt.event.ActionEvent;

import java.awt.event.ActionListener;

import java.io.File;

import java.io.FileInputStream;

import java.io.IOException;

import javax.swing.JButton;

import javax.swing.JFrame;

import javax.swing.JPanel;

import javax.swing.JProgressBar;

import javax.swing.SwingWorker;

 

public class FileProgressBarDemo extends JFrame {

    private JButton btnReadFile;

    private JProgressBar progressBar;

 

    public FileProgressBarDemo() {

        initComponents();

    }

 

    private void initComponents() {

        setTitle("File Progress Bar Demo");

        setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.EXIT_ON_CLOSE);

 

        progressBar = new JProgressBar();

        progressBar.setStringPainted(true);

        progressBar.setMinimum(0);

        progressBar.setMaximum(100);

        progressBar.setValue(0);

 

        btnReadFile = new JButton("Read File");

        btnReadFile.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {

            public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {

                readFileInBackground();

            }

        });

 

        JPanel panel = new JPanel(new BorderLayout());

        panel.add(progressBar, BorderLayout.CENTER);

        panel.add(btnReadFile, BorderLayout.SOUTH);

        getContentPane().add(panel);

 

        setSize(300, 100);

        setLocationRelativeTo(null);

    }

 

    private void readFileInBackground() {

        SwingWorker<Void, Integer> worker = new SwingWorker<Void, Integer>() {

            @Override

            protected Void doInBackground() throws Exception {

                File file = new File("filename.txt");

                long fileSize = file.length();

                FileInputStream fis = new FileInputStream(file);

                byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];

                int len = 0;

                long bytesRead = 0;

                while ((len = fis.read(buffer)) != -1) {

                    bytesRead += len;

                    publish((int) (bytesRead * 100 / fileSize));

                }

                fis.close();

                return null;

            }

 

            @Override

            protected void process(java.util.List<Integer> chunks) {

                for (int percent : chunks) {

                    progressBar.setValue(percent);

                }

            }

 

            @Override

            protected void done() {

                progressBar.setValue(100);

                btnReadFile.setText("Read Complete");

            }

        };

        worker.execute();

    }

 

    public static void main(String[] args) {

        FileProgressBarDemo frame = new FileProgressBarDemo();

        frame.setVisible(true);

    }

}

 

 

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